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Iowa’s medical cannabidiol program permits the production and distribution of products containing both CBD and THC, which means it authorizes the legal manufacture and sale of medical cannabis products. These products can be legally obtained and owned by registered Iowa cardholders and their caregivers.

Two manufacturers have been licensed under the law. They supply low-THC cannabis oils to up to five licensed dispensaries, which sell the oils to qualifying patients.

Iowa has one of the most restrictive medical cannabis programs. Only two manufacturers are authorized in the state, home cultivation is not allowed, and patients are limited in the amount of THC they can access every 90 days — unless they have a waiver.

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Iowa has a limited history with cannabis legalization. Currently, medical cannabis is legal in the state, but the program is relatively restricted and tightly regulated.

In 2014, Iowa passed a law allowing the use of low-THC cannabis oil for patients with epilepsy, but the law did not provide a legal means of obtaining the oil. In 2017, a new law expanded the program to include more medical conditions and allowed for the production and distribution of cannabis oil within the state. However, the law still limits the amount of THC that can be present in the oil, and smoking or growing cannabis remains illegal.

While there have been some efforts to expand Iowa’s medical cannabis program and even to legalize recreational cannabis, these efforts have so far been unsuccessful. The state remains relatively conservative in its approach to drug policy, and possession of cannabis is still illegal in most circumstances.

Overall, Iowa’s cannabis policy remains somewhat limited and heavily regulated, with only medical cannabis currently legal in the state. While there have been some efforts to expand access to cannabis or even legalize it more broadly, the state’s conservative political climate and traditional approach to drug policy suggest that broader legalization efforts may face significant challenges in the years ahead.

LAST UPDATED 5/10/2023 – It’s important to remember that laws can be revised and updated frequently, so please keep this in mind.